Since the launch of the voter turnout database, the Electoral Processes Programme at International IDEA has ensured that the data have been regularly updated. The primary sources for the data on voter registration, total vote and corresponding voter turnout are the national electoral management bodies EMBs and national statistical bureaus of countries listed in the database. Data from the EMBs are obtained from either their official reports or information provided in their official web portals.
In few cases, when data are not available from the EMBs, the information on voter turnout is obtained from secondary sources as listed above. Population and freedom house indicators are always obtained from secondary sources. In addition, inputs and suggestions from the users of the database are also regularly taken into account. When a user suggests an update for the data available in the database or provides information for the missing data, this information is sent automatically to the respective staff in the Electoral Processes team who can verify this information and make updates if the data provided are correct.
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For more information about the selection of countries, please see the Methodology section. For each country in the table we have listed the electoral system currently used, i. PR, Majority or Mixed. Please refer to the chapter on Voter Turnout Rates in a Comparative Perspective or click here for a brief explanation of each electoral system.
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The Voter Turnout database contains information about elections to the parliament of the European Union carried out in the EU Member States since The organisation of the elections differs somewhat from country to country, but all elections must be carried out using a proportional electoral system. The parliamentary elections displayed in the Voter Turnout database are elections to the national legislative body of a country or territory.
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In case the legislative body has two chambers, only the second lower chamber is included. If elections are carried out in two rounds using the Two-Round System TRS , only the second election round is included. The presidential elections displayed in the Voter Turnout database are elections to the national presidency of a country or territory.
The number of registered voters. The figure represents the number of names on the voters' register at the time that the registration process closes cut-off date , as reported by the electoral management body. The total number of votes cast in the relevant election.
Total vote includes valid and invalid votes, as well as blank votes in cases where these are separated from invalid votes. The IDEA Voter Turnout database contains information about three types of elections: national parliamentary elections, national presidential elections and elections to the European Parliament held in all countries that are members of the European Union. For more information about the types of elections, see parliamentary elections, presidential elections or EU parliamentary elections.
A vote needs to fulfil a number of criteria to be considered as valid. The total number of votes cast valid or invalid divided by the number of names on the voters' register, expressed as a percentage.
The total number of votes cast valid or invalid divided by the Voting Age Population figure, expressed as a percentage. The year in which the elections are held. If elections are carried out in two rounds using the Two-Round System TRS , only the year when the second round was held is stated. Choosing the elections The criteria for including an election in the database are the following: That the election was held after Updating the database.
FAQ Do you publish turnout statistics for local elections? Where can I find information on electoral systems? Do you have election statistics disaggregated by age, gender or race?
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What affects turnout? A number of factors affect how many people turn out to vote. These include institutional factors such as the type of electoral system used and whether voting is compulsory or not. Socio-economic factors such as the literacy rate, the wealth of a nation, its population size, and its "human development" level, and political factors such as the "competitiveness" of the election, have all been proposed as having a direct impact upon voter turnout.
Are there countries in the world which do not practice universal suffrage? There are many countries in the world that do not have democratic elections and where suffrage rights are obviously limited. Which countries in the world practice compulsory voting?
A number of countries in the world practice compulsory voting according to their electoral laws. Voting Age Population VAP refers to the total number of potential voters of voting age in a given country. The VAP figure is a rough estimate and it does not take into account the fact that there might be people who are above voting age but still not enfranchised due to legal or systemic barriers. The estimate gives an approximate figure of the number of eligible people but it does not reflect the exact number. VAP might differ largely from the number of registered people since registration in many countries is voluntary or not accurate.
In countries where registration is compulsory and automatic, and based on the civil register, for example as in the Scandinavian countries, the VAP figure and the number of registered voters are quite close. Where can I find some country specific information on election administration and data on electoral practices?
It is a comprehensive and systematic collection of information on every aspect relating to the organisation and implementation of elections. Access the ACE network at www. Which is the minimum voting age? The most common voting age in the world is 18 years. Twenty or twenty-one is also used in some countries. Some countries such as Argentina, Austria, Brazil, and Cuba have the lowest voting age in the world and allow 16 year olds to vote. The highest voting age is 21 and this is practised in several countries such as Lebanon, Oman, Tonga and Singapore.
What is voting by mail and internet voting? Hunger is not a partisan issue. Bread does not endorse any candidate or political party. As part of our I Vote to End Hunger strategy, Bread needs you to be part of this campaign and push this message out to candidates in the congressional elections. You can join our campaign:. Whether during public forums, town hall meetings, or a meeting at a candidate's office, you can engage all candidates on hunger in the midterm elections. In most cases, that will be a candidate from each of the major parties.
It is important to engage candidates on both sides so that regardless of who wins, there is a relationship established with the office-holder. After meeting with a candidate, please let us know how it went by emailing organizing bread. This will help Bread for the World track the number of candidates who are being engaged.
Additionally, writing letters to the editor of your local newspaper and posting your experience on social media will publicize your efforts. If you have any questions or need support with elections, please contact us by email or Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Here is a link to the audio instead. These fact sheets provide a snapshot of hunger and poverty in the United States and in each state plus Washington, D. Worldwide, maternal and child malnutrition causes millions of deaths each year.
In some countries, it holds entire generations back from reaching their economic potential. As the president and Congress are preparing their plans for this year, almost church leaders—from all the families of U. Thank you for inviting me to preach here at Duke University Chapel. And I especially want to thank the Bread for the World members who have come this morning. In , Skip to main content. Google Tag Manager. Bread's I Vote to End Hunger Campaign Bread for the World, its members, and partners are working to make hunger, poverty, and opportunity a priority for candidates.